As with other forms of osteoarthritis, OA of the hip or knee is a progressive disease of the whole joint that leads to breakdown of joint cartilage and the underlying bone. The cartilage of a joint can become thin, cracked and frayed, which can in turn lead to pain, inflammation and stiffness.
As a result, people with OA of the hip or knee may become less active, leading to physical deconditioning and loss of strength, which in turn contributes to the progression of OA. Fortunately, regular exercise and physical activity can help maintain and increase strength, endurance, and range of motion.
In this video, Advanced Practice Physiotherapist Suzanne Denis provides an overview of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, shares key principles to help you get started on an exercise program, then talks you through a series of exercise demonstrations for your hips, legs and trunk muscles, as well as stretches for each area.